Research

Here is a list of fundamental research:

  • Aagaard K, Petrosino J, Keitel W, Watson M, Katancik J, Garcia N, Patel S, Cutting M, Madden T, Hamilton H, et al. 2012a. The Human Microbiome Project strategy for comprehensive sampling of the human microbiome and why it mattersFASEB J 27: 1012–1022. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Aagaard K, Riehle K, Ma J, Segata N, Mistretta T-A, Coarfa C, Raza S, Rosenbaum S, Van den Veyver I, Milosavljevic A, et al. 2012b. A metagenomic approach to characterization of the vaginal microbiome signature in pregnancyPLoS ONE 7: e36466. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Aagaard K, Ganu R, Ma J, Hu M, Miller L, Jobe A, Kallapur S, Chougnet C. 2013. 506: Intraamniotic interleukin-1 (IL1β) induces histologic chorioamnionitis and alters the microbiome in a primate model of inflammatory preterm birthAm J Obstet Gynecol 208: S218.
  • Aagaard K, Ma J, Antony KM, Ganu R, Petrosino J, Versalovic J. 2014. The placenta harbors a unique microbiomeSci Transl Med 6: 237ra65. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Abubucker S, Segata N, Goll J, Schubert AM, Izard J, Cantarel BL, Rodriguez-Mueller B, Zucker J, Thiagarajan M, Henrissat B, et al. 2012. Metabolic reconstruction for metagenomic data and its application to the human microbiomePLoS Comput Biol 8: e1002358. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Azad MB, Konya T, Maughan H, Guttman DS, Field CJ, Chari RS, Sears MR, Becker AB, Scott JA, Kozyrskyj AL. 2013. Gut microbiota of healthy Canadian infants: Profiles by mode of delivery and infant diet at 4 monthsCMAJ 185: 385–394. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Bäckhed F, Manchester JK, Semenkovich CF, Gordon JI. 2007. Mechanisms underlying the resistance to diet-induced obesity in germ-free miceProc Natl Acad Sci 104: 979–984. [PMC free article][PubMed]
  • Bakardjiev AI, Theriot JA, Portnoy DA. 2006. Listeria monocytogenes traffics from maternal organs to the placenta and backPLoS Pathog 2: e66. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Biasucci G, Benenati B, Morelli L, Bessi E, Boehm G. 2008. Cesarean delivery may affect the early biodiversity of intestinal bacteriaJ Nutr 138: 1796S–1800S. [PubMed]
  • Booijink CCGM, Boekhorst J, Zoetendal EG, Smidt H, Kleerebezem M, de Vos WM. 2010.Metatranscriptome analysis of the human fecal microbiota reveals subject-specific expression profiles, with genes encoding proteins involved in carbohydrate metabolism being dominantly expressedAppl Environ Microbiol 76: 5533–5540. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Boskey ER, Telsch KM, Whaley KJ, Moench TR, Cone RA. 1999. Acid production by vaginal flora in vitro is consistent with the rate, extent of vaginal acidificationInfect Immun 67: 5170–5175. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Boskey ER, Cone RA, Whaley KJ, Moench TR. 2001. Origins of vaginal acidity: High D/L lactate ratio is consistent with bacteria being the primary sourceHum Reprod 16: 1809–1813. [PubMed]
  • Brocklehurst P, Gordon A, Heatley E, Heatley E, Milan SJ. 2013. Antibiotics for treating bacterial vaginosis in pregnancyCochrane Database Syst Rev 1: CD000262. [PubMed]
  • Brotman RM, Klebanoff MA, Nansel TR, Yu KF, Andrews WW, Zhang J, Schwebke JR. 2010. Bacterial vaginosis assessed by gram stain and diminished colonization resistance to incident gonococcal, chlamydial, and trichomonal genital infectionJ Infect Dis 202: 1907–1915. [PMC free article][PubMed]
  • Buhimschi CS, Dulay AT, Abdel-Razeq S, Zhao G, Lee S, Hodgson EJ, Bhandari V, Buhimschi IA. 2009.Fetal inflammatory response in women with proteomic biomarkers characteristic of intra-amniotic inflammation and preterm birthBJOG 116: 257–267. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Butler J, Maccallum I, Kleber M, Shlyakhter IA, Belmonte MK, Lander ES, Nusbaum C, Jaffe DB. 2008.ALLPATHS: De novo assembly of whole-genome shotgun microreadsGenome Res 18: 810–820. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Cahill RJ, Tan S, Dougan G, O’Gaora P, Pickard D, Kennea N, Sullivan MHF, Feldman RG, Edwards AD. 2005. Universal DNA primers amplify bacterial DNA from human fetal membranes and link Fusobacterium nucleatum with prolonged preterm membrane ruptureMol Hum Reprod 11: 761–766.[PubMed]
  • Cani PD, Neyrinck AM, Fava F, Knauf C, Burcelin RG, Tuohy KM, Gibson GR, Delzenne NM. 2007.Selective increases of bifidobacteria in gut microflora improve high-fat-diet-induced diabetes in mice through a mechanism associated with endotoxaemiaDiabetologia 50: 2374–2383. [PubMed]
  • Cao B, Mysorekar IU. 2013. Intracellular bacteria in placental basal plate localize to extravillous trophoblastsPlacenta 35: 139–142. [PubMed]
  • Caporaso JG, Kuczynski J, Stombaugh J, Bittinger K, Bushman FD, Costello EK, Fierer N, Peña AG, Goodrich JK, Gordon JI, et al. 2010. QIIME allows analysis of high-throughput community sequencing dataNat Methods 7: 335–336. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Claud EC, Walker WA. 2001. Hypothesis: Inappropriate colonization of the premature intestine can cause neonatal necrotizing enterocolitisFASEB J 15: 1398–1403. [PubMed]
  • Combs CA, Gravett M, Garite TJ, Hickok DE, Lapidus J, Porreco R, Rael J, Grove T, Morgan TK, Clewell W, et al. 2014. Amniotic fluid infection, inflammation, and colonization in preterm labor with intact membranesAm J Obstet Gynecol 210: 125.e1–125.e15. [PubMed]
  • Darmasseelane K, Hyde MJ, Santhakumaran S, Gale C, Modi N. 2014. Mode of delivery and offspring body mass index, overweight and obesity in adult life: A systematic review and meta-analysisPLoS ONE 9: e87896. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • DeSantis TZ, Hugenholtz P, Larsen N, Rojas M, Brodie EL, Keller K, Huber T, Dalevi D, Hu P, Andersen GL. 2006. Greengenes, a chimera-checked 16S rRNA gene database and workbench compatible with ARBAppl Environ Microbiol 72: 5069–5072. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Devaraj S, Hemarajata P, Versalovic J. 2013. The human gut microbiome and body metabolism: Implications for obesity and diabetesClin Chem 59: 617–628. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ding T, Schloss PD. 2014. Dynamics and associations of microbial community types across the human bodyNature 509: 357–360. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Dominguez-Bello MG, Costello EK, Contreras M, Magris M, Hidalgo G, Fierer N, Knight R. 2010.Delivery mode shapes the acquisition and structure of the initial microbiota across multiple body habitats in newbornsProc Natl Acad Sci 107: 11971–11975. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Eschenbach DA. 1993. History and review of bacterial vaginosisAm J Obstet Gynecol 169: 441–445.[PubMed]
  • Eschenbach DA, Davick PR, Williams BL, Klebanoff SJ, Young-Smith K, Critchlow CM, Holmes KK. 1989. Prevalence of hydrogen peroxide-producing Lactobacillus species in normal women and women with bacterial vaginosisJ Clin Microbiol 27: 251–256. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fardini Y, Chung P, Dumm R, Joshi N, Han YW. 2010. Transmission of diverse oral bacteria to murine placenta: Evidence for the oral microbiome as a potential source of intrauterine infectionInfect Immun78: 1789–1796. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Fardini Y, Wang X, Témoin S, Nithianantham S, Lee D, Shoham M, Han YW. 2011. Fusobacterium nucleatum adhesin FadA binds vascular endothelial cadherin and alters endothelial integrityMol Microbiol 82: 1468–1480. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Faro S, Martens M, Maccato M, Hammill H, Pearlman M. 1993. Vaginal flora and pelvic inflammatory diseaseAm J Med 333: 1732–1736.
  • Faust K, Sathirapongsasuti JF, Izard J, Segata N, Gevers D, Raes J, Huttenhower C. 2012. Microbial co-occurrence relationships in the human microbiomePLoS Comput Biol 8: e1002606. [PMC free article][PubMed]
  • Fettweis JM, Serrano MG, Sheth NU, Mayer CM, Glascock AL, Brooks JP, Jefferson KK, Buck GA. 2012.Species-level classification of the vaginal microbiomeBMC Genomics 13: S17. [PMC free article][PubMed]
  • Fortner KB, Grotegut CA, Ransom CE, Bentley RC, Feng L, Lan L, Heine RP, Seed PC, Murtha AP. 2014.Bacteria localization and chorion thinning among preterm premature rupture of membranesPLoS ONE9: e83338. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gajer P, Brotman RM, Bai G, Sakamoto J, Schutte UME, Zhong X, Koenig SSK, Fu L, Ma Z, Zhou X, et al. 2012. Temporal dynamics of the human vaginal microbiotaSci Transl Med 4: 132ra52. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ganu RS, Ma J, Aagaard KM. 2013. The role of microbial communities in parturition: Is there evidence of association with preterm birth and perinatal morbidity and mortality? Am J Perinatol 30: 613–624.[PubMed]
  • Gevers D, Knight R, Petrosino JF, Huang K, McGuire AL, Birren BW, Nelson KE, White O, Methé BA, Huttenhower C. 2012. The Human Microbiome Project: A community resource for the healthy human microbiomePLoS Biol 10: e1001377. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ghartey JP, Smith BC, Chen Z, Buckley N, Lo Y, Ratner AJ, Herold BC, Burk RD. 2014. Lactobacillus crispatus dominant vaginal microbiome is associated with inhibitory activity of female genital tract secretions against Escherichia coliPLoS ONE 9: e96659. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Glass EM, Wilkening J, Wilke A, Antonopoulos D, Meyer F. 2010. Using the metagenomics RAST server (MG-RAST) for analyzing shotgun metagenomesCold Spring Harb Protoc 10.1101/pdb.prot5368.[PubMed] [CrossRef]
  • Goldenberg RL, Hauth JC, Andrews WW. 2000. Intrauterine infection and preterm deliveryN Engl J Med342: 1500–1507. [PubMed]
  • Gonçalves LF, Chaiworapongsa T, Romero R. 2002. Intrauterine infection and prematurityMent Retard Dev Disabil Res Rev 8: 3–13. [PubMed]
  • Gophna U, Sommerfeld K, Gophna S, Doolittle WF, Veldhuyzen van Zanten SJO. 2006. Differences between tissue-associated intestinal microfloras of patients with Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitisJ Clin Microbiol 44: 4136–4141. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gosalbes MJ, Durbán A, Pignatelli M, Abellan JJ, Jiménez-Hernández N, Pérez-Cobas AE, Latorre A, Moya A. 2011. Metatranscriptomic approach to analyze the functional human gut microbiotaPLoS ONE 6: e17447. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Gravett MG, Nelson HP, DeRouen T, Critchlow C, Eschenbach DA, Holmes KK. 1986. Independent associations of bacterial vaginosis and Chlamydia trachomatis infection with adverse pregnancy outcomeJAMA 256: 1899–1903. [PubMed]
  • Gregoire AT, Kandil O, Ledger WJ. 1971. The glycogen content of human vaginal epithelial tissueFertil Steril 22: 64–68. [PubMed]
  • Grönlund MM, Lehtonen OP, Eerola E, Kero P. 1999a. Fecal microflora in healthy infants born by different methods of delivery: Permanent changes in intestinal flora after cesarean deliveryJ Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 28: 19–25. [PubMed]
  • Grönlund MM, Salminen S, Mykkänen H, Kero P, Lehtonen OP. 1999b. Development of intestinal bacterial enzymes in infants—Relationship to mode of delivery and type of feedingAPMIS 107: 655–660. [PubMed]
  • Guthrie SO, Gordon PV, Thomas V, Thorp JA, Peabody J, Clark RH. 2003. Necrotizing enterocolitis among neonates in the United StatesJ Perinatol 23: 278–285. [PubMed]
  • Hällström M, Eerola E, Vuento R, Janas M, Tammela O. 2004. Effects of mode of delivery and necrotising enterocolitis on the intestinal microflora in preterm infantsEur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 23: 463–470. [PubMed]
  • Han YW, Wang X. 2013. Mobile microbiome: Oral bacteria in extra-oral infections and inflammationJ Dent Res 92: 485–491. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Han YW, Redline RW, Li M, Yin L, Hill GB, McCormick TS. 2004. Fusobacterium nucleatum induces premature and term stillbirths in pregnant mice: Implication of oral bacteria in preterm birthInfect Immun 72: 2272–2279. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Han YW, Shen T, Chung P, Buhimschi IA, Buhimschi CS. 2009. Uncultivated bacteria as etiologic agents of intra-amniotic inflammation leading to preterm birthJ Clin Microbiol 47: 38–47. [PMC free article][PubMed]
  • Han YW, Fardini Y, Chen C, Iacampo KG, Peraino VA, Shamonki JM, Redline RW. 2010. Term stillbirth caused by oral Fusobacterium nucleatumObstet Gynecol 115: 442–445. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hauth JC, Goldenberg RL, Andrews WW, DuBard MB, Copper RL. 1995. Erythromycin in women with bacterial vaginosisN Engl J Med 333: 1732–1736. [PubMed]
  • Hernández-Rodríguez C, Romero-González R, Albani-Campanario M, Figueroa-Damián R, Meraz-Cruz N, Hernández-Guerrero C. 2011. Vaginal microbiota of healthy pregnant Mexican women is constituted by four Lactobacillus species and several vaginosis-associated bacteriaInfect Dis Obstet Gynecol2011: 851485. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hillier SL, Martius J, Krohn M, Kiviat N, Holmes KK, Eschenbach DA. 1988. A case-control study of chorioamnionic infection and histologic chorioamnionitis in prematurityN Engl J Med 319: 972–978.[PubMed]
  • Hillier SL, Krohn MA, Klebanoff SJ, Eschenbach DA. 1992. The relationship of hydrogen peroxide-producing lactobacilli to bacterial vaginosis and genital microflora in pregnant womenObstet Gynecol79: 369–373. [PubMed]
  • Hillier SL, Krohn MA, Rabe LK, Klebanoff SJ, Eschenbach DA. 1993. The normal vaginal flora, H2O2-producing lactobacilli, and bacterial vaginosis in pregnant womenClin Infect Dis 16: S273–S281.[PubMed]
  • Hillier SL, Krohn MA, Cassen E, Easterling TR, Rabe LK, Eschenbach DA. 1995a. The role of bacterial vaginosis and vaginal bacteria in amniotic fluid infection in women in preterm labor with intact fetal membranesClin Infect Dis 20: S276–S278. [PubMed]
  • Hillier SL, Nugent RP, Eschenbach DA, Krohn MA, Gibbs RS, Martin DH, Cotch MF, Edelman R, Pastorek JG, Rao AV. 1995b. Association between bacterial vaginosis and preterm delivery of a low-birth-weight infant. The Vaginal Infections and Prematurity Study GroupN Engl J Med 333: 1737–1742. [PubMed]
  • Human Microbiome Project. 2012a. A framework for human microbiome researchNature 486: 215–221. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Human Microbiome Project. 2012b. Evaluation of 16S rDNA-based community profiling for human microbiome researchPLoS ONE 7: e39315. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Human Microbiome Project. 2012c. Structure, function and diversity of the healthy human microbiomeNature 486: 207–214. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hummelen R, Fernandes AD, Macklaim JM, Dickson RJ, Changalucha J, Gloor GB, Reid G. 2010. Deep sequencing of the vaginal microbiota of women with HIVPLoS ONE 5: e12078. [PMC free article][PubMed]
  • Huse SM, Ye Y, Zhou Y, Fodor AA. 2012. A core human microbiome as viewed through 16S rRNA sequence clustersPLoS ONE 7: e34242. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Hyman RW, Fukushima M, Jiang H, Fung E, Rand L, Johnson B, Vo KC, Caughey AB, Hilton JF, Davis RW, et al. 2014. Diversity of the vaginal microbiome correlates with preterm birthReprod Sci 21: 32–40. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ikegami A, Chung P, Han YW. 2009. Complementation of the fadA mutation in Fusobacterium nucleatumdemonstrates that the surface-exposed adhesin promotes cellular invasion and placental colonizationInfect Immun 77: 3075–3079. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Jiménez E, Fernández L, Marín ML, Martín R, Odriozola JM, Nueno-Palop C, Narbad A, Olivares M, Xaus J, Rodríguez JM. 2005. Isolation of commensal bacteria from umbilical cord blood of healthy neonates born by cesarean sectionCurr Microbiol 51: 270–274. [PubMed]
  • Jonasson J, Olofsson M, Monstein H-J. 2007. Classification, identification and subtyping of bacteria based on pyrosequencing and signature matching of 16s rDNA fragments. 2002APMIS 115: 678–679.[PubMed]
  • Jones HE, Harris KA, Azizia M, Bank L, Carpenter B, Hartley JC, Klein N, Peebles D. 2009. Differing prevalence and diversity of bacterial species in fetal membranes from very preterm and term laborPLoS ONE 4: e8205. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Joossens M, Huys G, Cnockaert M, De Preter V, Verbeke K, Rutgeerts P, Vandamme P, Vermeire S. 2011.Dysbiosis of the faecal microbiota in patients with Crohn’s disease and their unaffected relativesGut60: 631–637. [PubMed]
  • Jost T, Lacroix C, Braegger CP, Chassard C. 2012. New insights in gut microbiota establishment in healthy breast fed neonatesPLoS ONE 7: e44595. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Katz J, Chegini N, Shiverick KT, Lamont RJ. 2009. Localization of P. gingivalis in preterm delivery placentaJ Dent Res 88: 575–578. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Kim MJ, Romero R, Gervasi MT, Kim J-S, Yoo W, Lee D-C, Mittal P, Erez O, Kusanovic JP, Hassan SS, et al. 2009. Widespread microbial invasion of the chorioamniotic membranes is a consequence and not a cause of intra-amniotic infectionLab Invest 89: 924–936. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • King AE, Paltoo A, Kelly RW, Sallenave J-M, Bocking AD, Challis JRG. 2007. Expression of natural antimicrobials by human placenta and fetal membranesPlacenta 28: 161–169. [PubMed]
  • Klebanoff SJ, Coombs RW. 1991. Viricidal effect of Lactobacillus acidophilus on human immunodeficiency virus type 1: Possible role in heterosexual transmissionJ Exp Med 174: 289–292. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Klebanoff SJ, Hillier SL, Eschenbach DA, Waltersdorph AM. 1991. Control of the microbial flora of the vagina by H2O2-generating lactobacilliJ Infect Dis 164: 94–100. [PubMed]
  • Klindworth A, Pruesse E, Schweer T, Peplies J, Quast C, Horn M, Glöckner FO. 2013. Evaluation of general 16S ribosomal RNA gene PCR primers for classical and next-generation sequencing-based diversity studiesNucleic Acids Res 41: e1. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Koenig JE, Spor A, Scalfone N, Fricker AD, Stombaugh J, Knight R, Angenent LT, Ley RE. 2011.Succession of microbial consortia in the developing infant gut microbiomeProc Natl Acad Sci 108: 4578–4585. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Koren O, Goodrich JK, Cullender TC, Spor A, Laitinen K, Bäckhed HK, Gonzalez A, Werner JJ, Angenent LT, Knight R, et al. 2012. Host remodeling of the gut microbiome and metabolic changes during pregnancyCell 150: 470–480. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Koren O, Knights D, Gonzalez A, Waldron L, Segata N, Knight R, Huttenhower C, Ley RE. 2013. A guide to enterotypes across the human body: Meta-analysis of microbial community structures in human microbiome datasetsPLoS Comput Biol 9: e1002863. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Krohn MA, Hillier SL, Lee ML, Rabe LK, Eschenbach DA. 1991. Vaginal Bacteroides species are associated with an increased rate of preterm delivery among women in preterm laborJ Infect Dis 164: 88–93. [PubMed]
  • Kurki T, Sivonen A, Renkonen OV, Savia E, Ylikorkala O. 1992. Bacterial vaginosis in early pregnancy and pregnancy outcomeObstet Gynecol 80: 173–177. [PubMed]
  • Larsen B, Monif GR. 2001. Understanding the bacterial flora of the female genital tractClin Infect Dis 32: e69–e77. [PubMed]
  • Larsen N, Vogensen FK, van den Berg FWJ, Nielsen DS, Andreasen AS, Pedersen BK, Al-Soud WA, Sørensen SJ, Hansen LH, Jakobsen M. 2010. Gut microbiota in human adults with type 2 diabetes differs from non-diabetic adultsPLoS ONE 5: e9085. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Lecuit M, Nelson DM, Smith SD, Khun H, Huerre M, Vacher-Lavenu M-C, Gordon JI, Cossart P. 2004.Targeting and crossing of the human maternofetal barrier by Listeria monocytogenes: Role of internalin interaction with trophoblast E-cadherinProc Natl Acad Sci 101: 6152–6157. [PMC free article][PubMed]
  • Ledger WJ. 1993. Historical review of the treatment of bacterial vaginosisAm J Obstet Gynecol 169: 474–478. [PubMed]
  • Lepage P, Häsler R, Spehlmann ME, Rehman A, Zvirbliene A, Begun A, Ott S, Kupcinskas L, Doré J, Raedler A, et al. 2011. Twin study indicates loss of interaction between microbiota and mucosa of patients with ulcerative colitisGastroenterology 141: 227–236. [PubMed]
  • Leviton A, Allred EN, Kuban KCK, Hecht JL, Onderdonk AB, O’shea TM, Paneth N. 2010. Microbiologic and histologic characteristics of the extremely preterm infant’s placenta predict white matter damage and later cerebral palsy. The ELGAN studyPediatr Res 67: 95–101. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ley RE, Bäckhed F, Turnbaugh P, Lozupone CA, Knight RD, Gordon JI. 2005. Obesity alters gut microbial ecologyProc Natl Acad Sci 102: 11070–11075. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Li K, Bihan M, Yooseph S, Methé BA. 2012. Analyses of the microbial diversity across the human microbiomePLoS ONE 7: e32118. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Liu Z, Lozupone C, Hamady M, Bushman FD, Knight R. 2007. Short pyrosequencing reads suffice for accurate microbial community analysisNucleic Acids Res 35: e120. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Liu B, Faller LL, Klitgord N, Mazumdar V, Ghodsi M, Sommer DD, Gibbons TR, Treangen TJ, Chang Y-C, Li S, et al. 2012. Deep sequencing of the oral microbiome reveals signatures of periodontal diseasePLoS ONE 7: e37919. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ma J, Coarfa C, Qin X, Bonnen PE, Milosavljevic A, Versalovic J, Aagaard K. 2014a. mtDNA haplogroup and single nucleotide polymorphisms structure human microbiome communitiesBMC Genomics 15: 257. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Ma J, Prince AL, Bader D, Hu M, Ganu R, Baquero K, Blundell P, Alan Harris R, Frias AE, Grove KL, et al. 2014b. High-fat maternal diet during pregnancy persistently alters the offspring microbiome in a primate modelNat Commun 5: 3889. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Macklaim JM, Fernandes AD, Di Bella JM, Hammond J-A, Reid G, Gloor GB. 2013. Comparative meta-RNA-seq of the vaginal microbiota and differential expression by Lactobacillus iners in health and dysbiosisMicrobiome 1: 12. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Macones GA, Parry S, Nelson DB, Strauss JF, Ludmir J, Cohen AW, Stamilio DM, Appleby D, Clothier B, Sammel MD, et al. 2010. Treatment of localized periodontal disease in pregnancy does not reduce the occurrence of preterm birth: Results from the Periodontal Infections and Prematurity Study (PIPS)Am J Obstet Gynecol 202: 147.e1–147.e8. [PubMed]
  • Mai V, Young CM, Ukhanova M, Wang X, Sun Y, Casella G, Theriaque D, Li N, Sharma R, Hudak M, et al. 2011. Fecal microbiota in premature infants prior to necrotizing enterocolitisPLoS ONE 6: e20647. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Mai V, Torrazza RM, Ukhanova M, Wang X, Sun Y, Li N, Shuster J, Sharma R, Hudak ML, Neu J. 2013.Distortions in development of intestinal microbiota associated with late onset sepsis in preterm infantsPLoS ONE 8: e52876. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Mangin I, Bonnet R, Seksik P, Rigottier-Gois L, Sutren M, Bouhnik Y, Neut C, Collins MD, Colombel J-F, Marteau P, et al. 2004. Molecular inventory of faecal microflora in patients with Crohn’s diseaseFEMS Microbiol Ecol 50: 25–36. [PubMed]
  • Manichanh C, Rigottier-Gois L, Bonnaud E, Gloux K, Pelletier E, Frangeul L, Nalin R, Jarrin C, Chardon P, Marteau P, et al. 2006. Reduced diversity of faecal microbiota in Crohn’s disease revealed by a metagenomic approachGut 55: 205–211. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Marchesi JR, Dutilh BE, Hall N, Peters WHM, Roelofs R, Boleij A, Tjalsma H. 2011. Towards the human colorectal cancer microbiomePLoS ONE 6: e20447. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Martin HL, Richardson BA, Nyange PM, Lavreys L, Hillier SL, Chohan B, Mandaliya K, Ndinya-Achola JO, Bwayo J, Kreiss J. 1999. Vaginal lactobacilli, microbial flora, and risk of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 and sexually transmitted disease acquisitionJ Infect Dis 180: 1863–1868. [PubMed]
  • Martius J, Krohn MA, Hillier SL, Stamm WE, Holmes KK, Eschenbach DA. 1988. Relationships of vaginal Lactobacillus species, cervical Chlamydia trachomatis, and bacterial vaginosis to preterm birthObstet Gynecol 71: 89–95. [PubMed]
  • McHardy IH, Goudarzi M, Tong M, Ruegger PM, Schwager E, Weger JR, Graeber TG, Sonnenburg JL, Horvath S, Huttenhower C, et al. 2013. Integrative analysis of the microbiome and metabolome of the human intestinal mucosal surface reveals exquisite inter-relationshipsMicrobiome 1: 17. [PMC free article] [PubMed]
  • Meis PJ, Goldenberg RL, Mercer B, Moawad A. 1995. The preterm prediction study: Significance of vaginal infectionsAm J Obstet Gynecol 173: 1231–1235. [PubMed]
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